Title, Mala enciklopedija Prosveta: opšta enciklopedija. M-Š, Volume 2. Contributors, Oto Bihalji-Merin, Petar Bibić. Edition, 2. Publisher, Prosveta, MALA ENCIKLOPEDIJA PROSVETA – OPSTA ENCIKLOPEDIJA 1 – 2 [dr Borislav BLAGOJEVIC, dr Ilija DjURICIC akademik. redakcioni odbor Oto. Mala enciklopedija Prosveta: opšta enciklopedija. Responsibility: [redakcioni odbor Oto Bihalji-Merin et al.]. Edition: 3. izd. Imprint: Beograd: Prosveta,
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It is located in the Belgrade municipality of Stari Grad Old town. Skadarlija partially preserved the ambience of the traditional urban architecture, including its archaic urban organization, and is known as the main bohemian quarter of Belgrade, similar to Paris’ Montmartre. After KalemegdanSkadarlija is the second most visited tourist attraction in Belgrade,  contributing to one third of the city’s foreign currency income.
It begins right below the Republic Square and stretches along the short, winding Skadarska Street. Though today the term is mostly applied to the street only, Skadarlija is a former municipality of Belgrade and a wider quarter which includes some 20 neighboring streets. Skadarlija became a separate municipality of Belgrade inafter the previous post- World War II division of Belgrade into raions from to ended.
By the census, municipality of Skadarlija had a population of 31, According to the censuses, the local community of Skadarlija had a population of 7, in 7, in  and 5, in The history of Skadarlija began in with the settlement of Gypsies in the abandoned trenches in front of the ramparts. In that period, the stream called Bibijin potok “Bibija stream”which originates under the modern Politika building in the Makedonska street, flowed down the alley, crossing it.
The stream was named after Bibija, the Romani deity of salvation. An aqueduct was later constructed which conducted the stream underground, which still flows below the street. The largest arch of the aqueduct was named Skadarafter the town, so in the street was named Skadarska ulica. Serbian for “Skadar street”, it is still the street’s official name.
Skadarlija began to acquire its bohemian character in the last few decades of the 19th century, and particularly afterwhen the well-known Dardaneli inn, located where the National Museum in Belgrade is today, was demolished and its guests, prominent writers and actors, moved to the Skadarlija inns or kafanas. The first three of these still survive today, accompanied by some new restaurants like Ima dana “There will be days”Skadarlija demolished inDva bela goluba “Two White Doves”.
MALA ENCIKLOPEDIJA PROSVETA – OPSTA ENCIKLOPEDIJA 1 – 2
The end section of Skadarlija is known as the Skadarlija atrium. Proeveta is mostly maa by the brewery that belonged to one of the most distinguished Belgrade families before World War II, the Czech -originating Bajloni family.
It produced “Aleksandar” beer, made from thermal waters that spring out in the brewery’s backyard. When Bajloni began digging for the foundations of his brewery inhe discovered the bones of the mammoths and skulls of the Neanderthal Krapina man.
Afterthe brewery became part of the “BIP” brewery, but was later closed. The spring water was bottled for drinking until the early s.
Under the brewery is a complex of lagums subterranean galleries or catacombeswhich were used as a storage rooms for the beer barrels. Bythe entire inner complex is abandoned and slated for demolition. However, as the project of massive reconstruction failed, the brewery became home for many coffeehouses and clubs. Its renovation and restoration began in  in accordance with the designs made by a group of prominent artists: They managed to preserve its existing values and introduce modern facilities without interfering with its historical features.
In the late s, Skadarlija regained fame as the center of youth and bohemian artists of Belgade. The core of the troupe was made up of Romany children who lived in Skadarlija, ‘white’ children’ from Dorcol a nearby prestigious Belgrade neighborhoodRomany children from the favelas of the Belgrade suburb of Mirijevo who sell flowers in Skadarlijaprofessional actors and painters who live in Skadarlija, a Skadarlija fortune-teller, clowns, fire eaters, and alternative artists musicians, painters.
The present Skadarlija, a short and curved street, is a remarkable Belgrade tourist attraction. It includes well-known restaurants, hotels e. Le Petit Piafart galleries, antique and souvenir shops. At the end of the street there is the Sebilj fountain.
Groups playing Serbian brass or traditional urban music and actors dressed in traditional Serb costumes perform down the street. Unlike other similar and popular places in Belgrade that are considered poshSkadarlija is known as a place visited by young couples encklopedija entire families with children. The street is a car-free zone but it would be unsuited for traffic anyway because it is too narrow and with bumpy cobblestones. Well-known but mostly poor poets and writers became regular visitors of Skadarlija in the early 20th century, not just from Serbia but from the wider Yugoslav areas, even before the Yugoslav state was formed as such in My name is Skadarlija I am no boulevard I am common steep curved alley in the middle of Belgrade.
And that would be everything meaningful to be told about me if it wouldn’t be for my bohemian history, my crumbling roofs, my shaking chairs After decades of performing in Skadarlija’s restaurants and outdoors, some singers and performers enciklopedijq synonymous with Skadarlija: Restaurants are proud of their lists of worldwide celebrities and epicurians who visited them over prsoveta decades.
Even Alfred Hitchcock ended his diet in Skadarlija proxveta. Often, they post photographs of their visits on the walls. A group of French artists visited Belgrade to mark the enciklopeija. They were joined by large crowds of Belgraders, and they formed a joint procession which walked from the Monument of Gratitude to France in Kalemegdan Parkthrough Knez Mihailova Mal and Republic Squareto Skadarlija.
The photos of the event are kept in the archive of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Sincethe official opening of the summer season in Skadarlija restaurants are open the entire year has been marked by rising a “bohemian flag”.
The ceremony is always attended by celebrities, including popular and opera singers, actors, and artists. There is a special code of conduct for the restaurants and their employees. The code was rescinded in but was reintroduced lrosveta It includes the types of dishes that can be found on the menues, what types of uniforms, table clothes or music are allowed and the knowledge of foreign languages.
The entire season consists of a series of festivities and celebrations: The symbol of Skadarlija is a Fedora -type hat. There are numerous folk songs which mention malaa hat, they are dedicated to it enciklopeduja named after it. This especially goes for the songs in the style of starogradska muzikawhich is another emblematic feature of Skadarlija. It was established on an empty lot in front of the Filip’s Brewery, which was later renamed to Bajloni Brewery and the prosvtea became known as the Bajloni Market Bajlonijeva pijaca.
Though officially named Skadarlija today, the citizens refer to the market only as Bajloni. In Februaryplans were announced for the complete reconstruction of the lowest section of Skadarlija Skadarlija atrium, an area of about 1. A new multi-functional center will include two hotels, subterranean garage, restaurants, museum and a new pedestrian zone comprising a wide promenade between the Encikloledija and Cetinjska streets.
The restaurant Stara Skadarlijatwo authentic walls of the brewery, enciklopedij old tower and shopping mall, boiler room and lagums will be preserved but with additional functions. The tower prosvdta be illuminated and visible from prowveta city neighborhoods below. The shopping mall’s higher floors will be turned into a hotel. Lagums will be open for the public and turned into souvenir and gift shops. The atrium will be turned into a new commercial shopping mall and a hotel with subterranean garage of 1, parking spaces.
Water springs will be co-opted and protected, and new drills will be added to the existing three springs, as a sort of a tourist attraction. The most controversial aspect at the moment appears to enciklopediaj the concept of a glass box-shaped membrane, lit from the inside, which is supposed to engulf the Stara Skadarlija restaurant. The idea is opposed by the local population. The project was scrapped in the later years due to the unsolved mlaa ownership issues,  as the BIP sold the brewery to the Italian company “Star Immobiliare” prosvwta which in turn sold it to the British “Invest Balkan Properties PLC” in Company “Elgin” acquired the building in They claimed that by the end ofthey will announce which of the world-famous hotel chains will build a hotel but nothing happened.
Works were scheduled for the spring ofbut were moved to October as the city decided to accept the proposition of the kafana owners to postpone it until after the touristic season is over. However, they decided to renovate the drinking fountain, which was to be finished in July As the fountain is at the beginning of the street, the tourists routinely avoid the wnciklopedija thinking it is completely closed, while those who enter the restaurants’ terraces and gardens often leave as the dust is everywhere, especially in the initial section of the street.
The number of visitors dwindled and the restaurateurs accused the city administration of “ruining the season”. In November photos appeared showing that the trademark stone kaldrma has been removed and that street was paved with the asphalt concrete.
It prompted a major public outburst and protests, so the city authorities explained that the asphalt is just the substrate and that stones will be washed and placed on top of the asphalt.
Mala enciklopedija Prosveta: opšta enciklopedija – Oto Bihalji-Merin – Google Books
As the works were under the tougher public scrutiny since then, it was obvious that the old stone was replaced with the new, imported one, produced in Greece in City then announced that the old and new stones will be mixed, but instead of a colorful stones of the old kaldrmathe new one is uniformly gray, described as the “dark shroud, in contrast to the previous playful and diverse one, which took [from Skadarlija] prosvera joy and vibrancy and killed its Dionysian spirit”.
In the lower half, which was done by December, only the new stones were used. The customs paper show that the stone was imported only after the asphalt pavement was finished and public protests. The reconstruction was halted again in the spring of because of the opening of the touristic season, and was continued in October They negotiated with the city administration a temporary halt of the works during winter holidays. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.