8 E. Bakonis, Ar „taikūs“ lietuviški istorijos vadovėliai? Taikos klausimai . Vadovėlis 9 klasei, Vilnius: Kronta, ; (The history of modern times. From the great. ISTORIJA. 1 9 9 9. X L. Tautos budimas ir blaivybės sąjūdis tiems valstiečiams: kyklai, A. Jakučionis rašė, kad istorijos vadovėlis pra- keturias klases. lietuvos istorija pagrindinei mokyklai su regioninės istorijos elementais . 9. Soros. Trinamosios girnos. Akmeniniai kapliai ir seniausieji arklai. Moliniai indai .

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According to teachers, when students see a mention of their locality or the photographs of the places they know, they show more interest and attention to the topic.

The article analyses recent innovations in Lithuanian history textbooks. With such topics, students are introduced to the daily lives of the upper and lower classes, food, clothing, shelter, leisure time, child rearing and education.

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The researcher argued that a textbook should appeal to students and motivate them to study4. Usually, the end of the isorijos provides review material where students can check their knowledge and skills. Pradinio ir pagrindinio ugdymo bendrosios programos.

His publication Ideal History Textbook: Some authors provide age appropriate memoirs and stories for children and teenagers. How to Analyse Written Sources?

Hence, there are two types of textbooks: The first includes isttorijos five and six grade five — Introduction to the History of Lithuania; isyorijos six — Introduction to World History. The section reveals how at the beginning of the 20th century Lithuanian researchers observed certain similarities between Hittite and Lithuanian languages and tried to prove that Lithuanians are very close to Hittites Researchers suggested more appealing and simpler texts, including differing interpretations and greater selectivity in the choice of history sources for textbooks.


Lithuania and the World for vxdovelis eleventh15 and twelfth16 grade. Ramses II, Darius4 revising the most important dates e. Every chapter ends with review questions, which guide students and help them check their knowledge and skills. In, several historians and textbook authors attended the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research in Brunswick Germany. Allyn 8 and Bacon, In the textbook World History: Eighth grade students studying the Middle Ages are presented the following information: First of all, not all history textbooks were analysed.

The Case of Innovations. Peer memoirs are often more ustorijos and appealing to students than those from an older generation.

Textbooks and study exercises

The list includes the names of villages, lakes, rivers, forests, and hills that are closely related to pagan gods, goddess, and their rituals In that way, the history of Turkey becomes more interesting and relevant to students.

However, the integration of world and Lithuanian history received some criticism owing to too much focus on world history at the expense of Lithuania These guidelines were very helpful to teachers and enabled them to combine all the material effectively.

Discussion and Conclusions The results of this study identify seven most important innovations in Lithuanian history textbooks. Questions and assignments to encourage student learning Older history textbooks did not motivate students.

The Might of the Roman Empire has the following introduction: A summary of the textbooks analysed in the study is provided in Table 1 by their publishing house and the grade they are intended for. VPU leidykla,p.

First of all, it is necessary to note that Lithuanian history textbooks generally received little attention from researchers and only a few academic articles dealing with llasei topic were identified.

The tenth grade textbook with a topic about the German occupation includes an assignment to write an essay entitled My Town during the German Occupation based on eyewitnesses who still remember World War II.


The authors portray daily life based on eight factors, which include 1 shelter, 2 food, 3 clothing, 4 health and hygiene, 5 life expectancy, child labour, and names, 6 standards gadovelis measurements, 7 money, 8 transportation. Starting from major changes took place in history textbook content from the perspective of didactics: Only the most prominent innovations, which affected the history teaching and learning process, were presented.

Over the last two decades researchers have produced very few academic publications, which focused on history textbooks. In order istorjjos portray the relationship between Lithuania and the rest of the world, textbook authors use the analysis of Lithuanian historians, archaeologists, ethnologists, geographers, linguists and researchers on the evolution of world history. During the period — the eastern part of Lithuania with its capital Vilnius was a part itsorijos Poland.

Nemokami pratybų atsakymai,vadovėlių atsakymai – – Naujienos

What is more, in their narrative authors mention several facts about how Lithuanians vadovleis related to the Ottoman Turks: History Textbook for the Fifth Grade includes the topic Lithuania in Soviet Hands, which starts with the following introduction: The last five years showed a tendency to use a large number of history sources and related assignments. The textbook Ancient History for vasovelis seventh grade includes the topic Baltic Tribes and Klxsei Religion where a list of archaic place-names is provided.

The author of this study uses the content analysis method to summarise the innovations, which are presented in the history textbooks of five publishing houses: The prominent Lithuanian politician and member of the European Parliament Vytautas Landsbergis7 criticised some history textbooks for being overloaded with old Soviet interpretations.