The Fieseler Fi developed and tested at Peenemunde research center for the German Air Force during the World War II became the first long-range guided . On June 13, , Nazi Germany unleashed a new type of weapon: The Fieseler Fi “flying bomb,” a small, pilotless, medium-range cruise missile. Late in the war several piloted V-1s were built. The plan was that a pilot would guide the missile into position close to its target and bail out at the last moment.

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Please contact Anatoly Zak. The Fieseler Fi developed and tested at Peenemunde research center 013 the German Air Force during the World War II became the first long-range guided missile and the first operational vehicle in a new class of weapons later known as cruise missiles.

Fieseler Fi R Reichenberg – Desperate Times, Desperate Measures in – Aces Flying High

The concept of a pilotless winged missile was a response to heavy losses suffered by the German Air Force, Luftwaffe, during the Ri of Britain in It was also a cheaper alternative to the development of the A-4 ballistic missile conducted in parallel fieselrr Peenemunde at the time. The Fieseler Fi would be also the first operational vehicle equipped with the “air-breathing” pulsating jet engine, yet another variation of jet propulsion tried at the dawn of the aviation age.

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The pulsating jet consisted of the combustion chamber with the front air intake duct. The entrance into the intake is covered with an array of shutters, which open under pressure from the incoming air after the initial acceleration of the engine.

Fieseler Fi R (Reichenberg) Pilot-Guided Suicide Fighter – Nazi Germany

The fuel is then injected into the propulsion chamber and ignited inside generating yet hire pressure and forcing intake shutters to close. The whole cycle would repeat 45 times a second. The missile was designed to take off from specially designed ground ramps. After the takeoff, the flight control system would bring the rocket fiezeler a predetermined altitude and keep it on a preprogrammed route.

After a calculated distance was reached the engine would cutoff and the missile would free fall to the ground. The Fi was air-launched into the first unpowered flight on August 30, and tests continued fl 18 months. After numerous technical problems and allied bombing campaigns against its launch sites, Fi s went into action on June 13, They were announced as V-1 vengeance weapon 1 by Hitler’s propaganda.

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Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg – Desperate Times, Desperate Measures in 1944

Before World War II ended, 8, V-1 missiles were launched fieselerr the ground and 1, air-launched by bombers. Most of the missiles were launched against London, where the campaign became known as “robot blitz.

Yet, 6, deaths, 40, injuries and 75, destroyed homes were attributed to the use of f bombs,” as they became known in England for their sputtering sound. Both the United States and the Soviet Union “exported” Fi missiles for duplication and further development.

The Fieseler Fi 103 (V1) German “Buzz Bomb”

Technical specifications for Fi missile: The Fi rocket in its operational camouflage colors. Casings for flight control gyroscopes for Fi V-1 ammassed inside the Dora underground plant, where rockets were assembled fieseller World War II.

Development The concept of a pilotless winged missile was a response to heavy losses suffered by the German Air Force, Luftwaffe, during the Battle of Britain in Operation After numerous technical problems and allied bombing campaigns against its launch sites, Fi s went into action on June 13,