This poem made me feel a lot of emotions. The trapped bird Rodriguez-Araque gado por diego fajardo · Pembaca. Rodríguez Araque, Alí. Antes de que se me olvide: conversación con Rosa Miriam Elizalde. La Habana: Editora Política. Google Scholar. Chávez first appointed Alí Rodríguez Araque, well-known oil nationalist .. Antes de que se me olvide: conversación con Rosa Miriam Elizalde.
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Let us not forget, I insist, that social conscience is determinated by the material conditions of existence, and with it culture and ethics. The core of the problem that a Socialist Revolution has to face and solve sprouts from the economy. If what exists is a fully developed economy with the means of production totally in private hands, the solution is relatively easy: Albeit, if the real thing is an underdeveloped and backward economy things have to be faced in a different way.
Of course, if this is the case, it is fundamental that the Revolution has to start a process of development with the State contributing with capital, social enterprises organization, technical support and others. This route has to answer many questions, like: If the capacity to deliver Capital is limited, what are the priorities? Are you going to call for foreign investment? Which are the areas for exclusive State industries, which for collective rodriiguez of factories antez which for private entrepreneurs?
If we add the political factor to alu scenery we will find more complexities to face and solve. Do you have to coexist with parties, Non Governmental Organizations and free press, olvidd typical of open society? Which are the answers to these questions?
Wikileaks de Venezuela: así salió el director del canal Globovisión
Pol Pot had a solution: Is this the appropriate course of action? There is something else that has to be taken into account. Capitalism is an immoral and unethical system, because is founded in act of robbery that the owner of the mean of production executes over the work that is accumulated in the produced good and is unpaid to the worker. This stimulates people to anxiously keep on searching for a benefit taken from the work of others and in its deviations many people even assume criminal behaviors in order to fill their pockets with money no matter if it is by fraud or plain hold up.
Socialism stands from a different moral eodriguez Other problems add to a,i economic core quoted above. One of them is: Is the enlighten vanguard who will take care of everything? Because, the vanguard may start a process of education and cultural progress for children and youth that will impact the future, albeit the partisans of the revolution that out off their enthusiasm to get rid of years of very bad conservative governments voted in the polls for its victory are not properly prepared cadres of a socialist process, nevertheless you can count them in for the revolution but keeping in mind that they will be subject to all sort of pressures directed towards habits from the past to induce a change in the electoral trend.
What I am trying to get at is roddriguez in a first phase of the process of installment of Socialism, you can only have ovlide from a limited number rodrituez people prepared to create, induce, enhance and maintain changes; the rest of technical, professional and bureaucratic back up will come out of the same people that for years served in the old system, and probably carry with them the virtues of a third and fourth grade university degree, but also with the vices proper of the capitalist system.
This environment is not just floating around whatever country is building a model to change society structures and move away from capitalism, no, it is organized and guided by centers of economic and financial power that have control of governments of USA, Canada and countries of Europe.
They all wli to destroy the model and for that purpose they wage a real war in the mass media front, in the economical front, in the financial front, in the internal political and social desestabilization front. They use all sort of means: All this is very difficult to combat in an open and democratic society. Now after this very general addressing of the highlights of problems any country has to face nowadays in his intention to create a socialist society, I do have some ideas on opvide to ee with them but I will not explain them to whomever they concern because, first of all, I am not entitled to give universal formulas and, second of all, every country has the right to follow his own path in the construction of a new society, more democratic and egalitarian, clearly separated from the unfairness and vices of capitalism, no matter with which name is baptized.
Therefore, I will refer to my homeland: The Bolivarian Revolution initiated by Hugo Chavez in clearly opted to undergo political, economic and social changes within the scope of Socialism through a gradual process.
Years of social segregation of vast portions of the population that left them marginalized from the economical system and in situation of impoverishment was the first enormous problem to face. Rpdriguez supply food and health to an ample poor sector of society, to handout jobs, to proportion working fields to pheasants, all were tasks that needed araquf attention.
The same year of the opposition -taking advantage of the management rorriguez they had over the oil industry PDVSA — staged an oil stoppage that lasted almost three months November and December ofplus qe part of January, Oil production went down as low as twenty thousand barrels per day from three million barrels per day and all residents of Venezuela suffered the lack of domestic gas for cooking and gasoline for transportation.
Albeit, the difficulty was overcome and, step by step, retired managers, workers, military, all loyal to the Revolution, normalized the situation and defeated the new intent to overthrow President Chavez.
ZCommunications » What is Socialism Nowadays (IV)
The following year the opposition collected the number of signatures required to hold a recall referendum against President Chavez.
This happened in august, and Chavez won it with a handsome majority. Only, after his victory in the recall referendum he did properly initiate, with an abundant amount of measures, the path to recreate the Venezuela society. Is important to point out that all md attacks to terminate early with the presidential period of Hugo Chavez received support from extraterritorial powers, the most araqu were from US and Spain.
The economic conspiracy during those rodeiguez propitiated the flight of national capitals that could be around two and a half billions of dollars, something that required an exchange currency control that operated fairly well and for the next six straight years the economy grew with vigor. This never cease, on the contrary were increased with each word of news about the deterioration of the health of President Chavez.
From then on his weakness araquw steadily through December, and Olgide,to enter in an agony that rose to a pick the ss days of March, till he passes away, on Tuesday, March, 5th, During this lapse of three months, the local opposition increased the actions of sabotage to the electric national system, to the economy with speculation, hoarding, extraction smuggling of subsidized products and reached a climax in post electoral protests of April,when spurred by the inflamed words of the candidate that lost the presidential elections, took the dee and set fire to party houses of the PSUV, popular health clinics, public libraries and left a balance of more than 11 killed and dozens of wounded.
President Maduro called for a national dialogue between the opposition parties and the government, also with other sectors: Albeit, none of that diminished the economic war, the sabotage, on the contrary it got worse, overall after the MUD opposition parties organization decided to abandon the dialogue without a public explanation. On top of that, public and private buses are set on fire, public and private buildings are harassed and invaded to loot computers, TV sets and furniture.
During this chaotic behavior 43 people died, only 6 belonged to the opposition the rest were Police and National Guard officers stroked by gun fire as also innocent by standers or pedestrians that tried to take away the barriers or go through them. The situation left after all the above narrated, is very difficult because the model olvid Bolivarian Socialism is in serious trouble: Shortage of llvide and manufactured goods; 3.
Difficulties to find in the supermarket shelves certain type of products for personal cleansing like soap, deodorant; 4. Non-existing or araqeu production efficiency of manufactures; 6. Less revenue of US dollars because sw decrease of world oil prices plus the reduction of the oil export national offer because much is used to pay for advanced currency The Chinese Fund ; 7.
The decrease of currency income harms the import capacity; 8. Although the government has strongly fought the extraction smuggling and the internal deviation of food to be sold y parallel to the public and private sale points, the shortage of consumables has not been completely avoided; 8. Gasoline price is less than a penny per liter, way under the production cost, and PDVSA sells his dollars to the Central Bank at an exchange rate of VEB 10 per dollar till a few weeks ago is was at VEB 6,30both factors affect the oil corporation cash flow in national currency to attend expenses related araqu investment needed to increase oil production, which means there is no expansion of mw oil offer in a near or middle term; 9.
Like the US is doing with its zntes to pay debt, we are printing more Venezuelan Bolivars to increase salaries and cope with current and investment expenses, which means the inflation pressure is enlarging.
Meanwhile the Government gathers with entrepreneurs, investors, owners olviide factories. After all the comments we have made so far about sociological performance of the people we have backing up the Bolivarian Process, their habits of individualism, their attachment to cultural trends of consumerism that have penetrated us for many year, their knowledge of an big oil rent and an almost natural perceived right to take a chunk of that rent no matter how, we can only face them as problems that can only be solved in a middle and long term with education and the example of the leadership that accompanies the message with their own behavior.
We have no doubt that his gigantic leadership capacities kept under control this inherited trends from the previous thirty years of local political life, albeit, after President Chavez fell ill, overall the last six months before his earthly departure and since he passed away, antrs sack ripped and appetites moved fast and freely.
The projected and immediate actions are to be taken in the field of the macro economy. The foreign currency control that worked fairly well the first a few years after its creation because of the ethical neatness of olvive people that originally headed the entity in charge, succumbed to a reality of webs of corruption that blossomed after new people were put in charge.
Now the rovriguez is so extended that there is no way to gain control, no matter who is designated to operate aki. The business of buying dollars at a very cheap price VEB 6,30, or VEB 10 or VEB 49 and selling them a VEB 99 is invincible, no other activity can overcome this one and not even a saint brought from heaven may do anything to change if we stand still and the actual currency exchange system remains the same.
This way you can act upon inflation as uqe because you no longer have to print money, you are actually using the same money that is already in circulation.
Wikileaks de Venezuela: así salió el director del canal Globovisión
Does this mean we are renouncing Socialism? It is a necessary measure to save the path to follow towards it. Is a small step backward to guard what we already have and what we can do in addition. The reasoning is that we need local money to face the payment of salaries, food subsidies, all the missions, etcetera, plus we now may incentive for real the owners of factories to enhance production instead of receiving bank credits and use olviide to buy subsidized dollars that are used to import a little, save most abroad and the rest directed to be sold in the national market and obtain enormous benefits.
We can picture than the first week of the application of the measure the dollar will hit a peak of perhaps VEB or more per dollar, but also we can bet that many buyers of dollars qud the actual parallel exchange rate of VEB 99 or less, will start selling them and as the price declines the trend to sell will speed up until it settles for a substantial lower rate.
With this same purpose the se price has to rise if not to international standards, at least in an amount that will serve the needs of PDVSA of local money to start new drillings and increase the oil output, as it also qhe discourage the gasoline smugglers that take it to Colombia and Brazil.
On the other hand. We need a plan. We have a perception there is none. The leadership will tell you that we do have it. But we are not talking about a plan that goes down from big goals to details with duration of more than twenty years in order to develop our country and create a Venezuelan Socialism.
We are talking about a contingency plan to solve the critical juncture of our economy that surfaced from the second half of till nowadays. This plan has to fight off corruption with special dedication, even more, with devotion.
There is a perception that criminal acts rodrigeuz public funds go unpunished. This perception does not come from guesswork or conjectures. Naturally, according on how high in the ladder of ministries, araqud corporations and other estate and municipal entities the functionary is, he will have more than one house, more than araqe or two cars, etc.
This has to cease and the only way is that this acts of corruption have to be prosecuted and punished. What we are actually doing is not enough. Crime has also to be araaque with energy. There cannot be exceptions. Corruption and crime must be diminished drastically with the direct action of special police, prosecutors, judges and penitentiaries.
We have to build more penitentiaries, well prepared to receive inmates, rodrigue humanize them with education and work. Later around —when they are not needed- this establishments can be schools and universities.
We are aware that there is a war dedicated to create difficulties and end the Bolivarian Process. Another important theme to approach is the determination of which area of the national economy will s left to the private sector.
It should be a regulated area with open access to the national market. We also d an incipient anes of social industries related to food production and textiles. We think is time that instead of only delivering land to pheasants that individually or in groups sow it, the Venezuela Government creates corporations like PDVSA in order to, in an organized and technical and financial supported way, generates a vigorous output of agricultural products.
To determine a space of the economy for the private sector is not an abomination of Socialism. Is recognition that there must be rofriguez for the activity of individualism in a way that it does not go against the interest of the collectivity. Remember when we wrote about the immanence of individualism and solidarity and how Capitalism enhances the first in detriment of the second.
In Socialism is exactly alo contrary but this must not be taken as the suppression of the second over the first. Perhaps it should be better to have them in private shops and stores that operate under regulations and pay their taxes.
Also, is urgent that we send a clear message to investors of middle size and even big corporations, that we have an area of the economy were they can work without the hazard of being expropriated, this does not mean they are not going to be supervised to control if they abide with the regulations.
This area has to be drawn by the Government taking into account social priorities.