1. Neurosurg Rev. Jul;32(3); discussion doi: /s Epub May The Canon of Medicine (Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb) by Ibn Sina (the illuminated opening of the 4th book). A rare complete copy made in Iran probably at the begin. A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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The most significant charity auction ever staged is per cent sold after 10 days of online sales and three days of live auctions. He also categorizes these into vital organs and auxiliary organs. In his thesis on “The Members”, Avicenna explains that the humours help to make up the members of the body, gives a general description and how to repair them.

In these cases, an experiment would be of no help in deciding whether [the drug] is hot or cold, unless we could know that it acted directly on one disease and acted on a symptom of the other. The drawing of Ibn Sina on a Libyan stamp. Then a list is given in order of moisture. The compound intemperaments are where two things are wrong with the temperament, i.

His philosophical views have engaged the attention of Western thinkers over several centuries, and tib books have been among the qqanun important sources in philosophy.

That part, which enters the liver to keep tib vitality and functions, becomes softer, warmer and sensibly wet, and in its composition qanuun softness of air and vapor of blood dominate. Behnaz Atighi Moghaddam, Islamic Art specialist in London, offers an expert guide to a field in which prices range from a few thousand pounds to several million. Avicenna believed that the human body cannot be restored to health unless the causes of both health and disease are determined.

Finally, potential substitutes for the substances are given. In disease pathogenesisfor example, Avicenna “added his own view of different types of spirits or vital life essences and souls, whose disturbances might lead to bodily diseases because of a close association between them and such master organs as the brain and heart”.


He contrasts Galen’s view that the brain is the “chief seat of sentient life” with Aristotle’s view that the heart is the source of all the body’s faculties, saying that if physicians considered the matter carefully they would agree with Aristotle that the heart was the ultimate source of all the faculties, even if for example the brain is where the rational faculty manifests itself.

He received his education in the nearby city of Bukhara, the renowned capital of the great Samanids. The division into theoretical and practical parts differs from case to case, but we need not discuss these divisions in disciplines other than medicine.

Avicenna says that the hand, especially the palm and the tip of the index finger, is the most sensitive of all and attuned to tactile contact. London 26 October Bukhtishu family Ja’far al-Sadiq.

Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine | Muslim Heritage

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The earliest known copy of volume 5 of the Canon of Medicine dated is held in the collection of the Aga Khan and is to be housed in the Aga Khan Museum planned for Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The period up to the limit of growth of the body to the beginning of adult life. A, first book kitabalso called kulliyat, concerns general medical principles. One of these aspects, however, has not been very widely discussed, namely his views on education. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Canon says, for example, that females are colder and more moist.

Ibn Sīnā (c CE; c AH) – The James Lind Library The James Lind Library

The Canon of Medicine is based upon the Four Qanin of Hippocratic medicine, but refined in various ways. Written works attributed to him vary between and of which are authentic and are doubtful.


The final book presents recipes for compound remedies. It contains some of the most illuminating thoughts pertaining to distinction of mediastinitis from pleurisy; contagious nature of phthisis; distribution of diseases by water and soil; careful description of skin troubles; of sexual diseases and perversions; of nervous ailments.

What does Al-Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (the Canon of Medicine) say on head injuries?

Some are “compound members” such as the heart, the liver, and the brain. What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and measures for all of these are discussed. The general notion that youth are “hot” in temperament is due ful youth’s supposed relationship to members of the body that are hot.

He was also the first to point out the fact that haematuria may be due to causes outside the urinary system, for example, blood diseases. International Journal of Cardiology. Thereby, Ibn Sina represents a lively illustration of the meeting between philosophy and education, for the educator and the philosopher are both faced with the same problems: The Rise of Experimental Biology: To this we respond by saying that some arts and philosophy have tibbb and practical parts, and medicine, too, has its theoretical and practical parts.

The serous humour is described as a sweet fluid that is cold and moist in relation to blood and bilious humours.

The following table is provided for the four periods of life: Ibn Sina drawing by A. Avicenna calls this humour “the most excellent of all” [8]: Avicenna begins part one by dividing theoretical xl and medical practice. In the thesis on General Physiology or “The Faculties of the Body”, Avicenna separates life into three different categories: Other articles Bracken MB